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what was the boston tea party

  • The Boston Tea Party 

  • Date: December 16, 1773
  • Location: Boston, USA
  • Context: To dump the surplus tea of the East India Company, the British government passed the Tea Act, granting the company a monopoly to sell tea in the North American colonies, exempting them from paying high import tariffs and only imposing a minor tea tax. This policy resulted in the East India Company monopolizing the tea trade in the colonies, sparking great anger among the colonial population.


  • In the evening, a group of anti-British protesters, led by the Sons of Liberty, disguised as Native Americans, boarded the East India Company’s tea ships docked in Boston Harbor.
  • They dumped all 342 chests of tea (valued at 18,000 pounds) into the sea, expressing their dissatisfaction and protest against the British government’s monopoly on the tea trade.


  • The Boston Tea Party enraged the British government, further escalating tensions between the two sides.
  • The British government then imposed a series of oppressive measures, such as sealing off Boston Harbor and revoking the self-governance rights of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, which further ignited the colonial people’s resistance.
  • The Boston Tea Party became one of the catalysts for the American Revolution, pushing forward the colonial people’s struggle for independence and ultimately leading to the establishment of the United States of America.


The Boston Tea Party was not only a protest action by the colonial people against the British government’s monopoly on the tea trade, but also a significant indicator of the escalating tensions between the two sides before the American Revolution. This event played a crucial role in advancing the colonial people’s fight for independence and the eventual formation of the United States of America.

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