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Chinese black tea

Chinese black tea

Black tea is the young leaves or buds of the Camellia plant. Black tea does not grow naturally, but was made on the basis of green tea in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties. It is a tea made from suitable new leaves of the tea tree as raw materials, and refined through a series of processes such as withering, rolling (cutting), fermentation, and drying. The fermentation causes a chemical reaction among the ingredients in the tea leaves. When brewed with water, it not only It has a pleasant aroma and a unique dark red color, so it is called “black tea”.

Black tea is produced in China, India, Sri Lanka and other countries. Black tea was originally a tea drink unique to the East. Later, it spread to Europe and became a favorite tea of princes and nobles.

The main black teas include: Qihong, produced in Qimen, Zhide, Anhui, and Fuliang, Jiangxi; Dianhong, produced in Fohai, Shunning, Yunnan and other places; Huohong, produced in Lu’an, Huoshan, Anhui and other places; Su Red, produced in Yixing, Jiangsu; Yuehong, produced in Zhuji, Pujiang, Zhejiang and other places; Huhong, produced in Anhua, Xinhua, Taoyuan, Hunan and other places; Chuanhong, produced in Yibin, Gaoxian, Sichuan and other places. The characteristics of black tea are dark color, thick and bitter taste, malty aroma, and bright red tea juice.

Black tea contains vitamins, caffeine, amino acids, minerals, polysaccharides, tea polyphenols and other nutrients and functional ingredients. Research shows that black tea has the effect of assisting in lowering blood sugar, blood pressure, and blood lipids. The tea pigments in black tea have antioxidant, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-mutation, anti-viral, deodorizing and other effects. It can clear away heat and relieve external symptoms; it is used for acute and chronic enteritis, dysentery, acute hepatitis, indigestion, aging and other diseases.

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